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The difficulties of a big bank of importance for the economic system can constitute a considerable burden for the economy. Even in Switzerland. This was shown by the latest global financial and economic crisis. The Federal Council wants to prevent such banks from being too big to fail and to prevent the state from having to use tax revenues to save them. The Federal Council wishes to introduce a package of measures to limit the economic risks posed by big banks in the future and strengthen financial sector stability.
On 20 April 2011, the Federal Council submitted the dispatch on strengthening financial sector stability (too big to fail) to parliament. By 2018, systemically important banks should build up more capital, meet more stringent liquidity requirements and improve their risk diversification. They should be organised in such a way that a national economy's systemically important functions can be maintained even in the event of threatened insolvency. The proposed package of measures is designed to prevent the state from having to use tax revenues in the future in order to bail out systemically important banks. The Federal Council's bill is largely based on the recommendations of a Commission of Experts consisting of representatives from the public sector, academia and business circles, which submitted its final report to the Federal Council on 30 September 2010. The experts' legislative proposal was taken up by the Federal Council and fleshed out.
Parliament approved a package of measures during the 2011 autumn session as well as a separate draft on more favourable withholding tax conditions by 178 votes to 46. Most significantly, the package covers the following measures:
Parliament followed for the most part the recommendations the Federal Council.
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